1. Home
  2. Sustainability
  3. Climate change
  4. A low carbon future
  5. The changing energy mix

讯盈nba比分:The changing energy mix

The demand for energy continues to grow – largely driven by rising incomes in emerging economies and a global population heading towards nine billion by 2040. At the same time, the energy mix is changing as technology advances, consumer preferences shift and policy measures evolve

nba比分188 www.y2w8y.com.cn Renewables are now the fastest-growing energy source in history and we estimate that they could account for 14% of all energy consumption in 2040 – if not more. That said, oil and gas could meet at least 40% of the world’s energy needs in 2040 – even on a course that’s consistent with the Paris goal of limiting global warming to less than 2°C.


Gas offers a much cleaner alternative to coal for power generation and can lower emissions at scale. It also provides a valuable back-up for renewables intermittency, delivers heating at the high temperatures required by industry and is increasingly used in transportation.


Oil is the primary fuel for transport today. We expect its share of the total energy mix will gradually decline as we see more energy efficiency in traditional engines, greater use of biofuels and natural gas, and growth in fully electric and hybrid vehicles in the years ahead.


With oil and gas in high demand for years to come, it’s essential that action is taken to reduce emissions from their production and use.

Energy consumption – 2040 projections
Energy consumption – 2040 projections

Evolving transition

In this scenario, government policies, technology and social preferences evolve in a manner and speed seen in the recent past. The growing world economy requires more energy but consumption increases less quickly than in the past.


Faster transition

This scenario sees carbon prices rising faster than in the evolving transition scenario, with other policy interventions encouraging more rapid energy efficiency gains and fuel switching.


Even faster transition

This scenario matches carbon emissions similar to the International Energy Agency’s sustainable development scenario, which aims to limit the global temperature rise to well below 2°C.

See?bp.com/energyoutlook?for more information on our projections of future energy trends and factors that could affect them out to 2040.

  • 期货市场法律体系建设亟待加强 2018-12-09
  • 西方艺术史中那一抹鲜艳的红 2018-12-08
  • 稳中有进 稳中向好——国家统计局新闻发言人毛盛勇解读经济运行态势 2018-12-08
  • 【学习时报】新发展理念是习近平经济思想的灵魂 2018-12-07
  • 笑博士没有经历计划经济时代!其对计划经济的批评,是从市场派抄袭来的。实践证明,社会主义与计划经济是兼容的。正是由于中国中途放弃计划经济,盲目迷信市场经济,使得中 2018-12-06
  • 头发护理何必找Tony老师,自己就能搞定阿 2018-12-05
  • 上合组织引领发展 吉中合作稳步前行——访吉尔吉斯斯坦总统热恩别科夫 2018-12-04
  • 创多项记录 2017中国私募基金峰会缔造行业顶级峰会 2018-12-04
  • 车俊会见毛里求斯代总统 2018-12-03
  • 全民种牙季暨丝路合和口腔送福利初夏“护牙”正当时 只差一个爱笑的你 2018-12-02
  • 《进京城》等11部影片入围上影节传媒关注单元 2018-12-01
  • 女性之声——全国妇联 2018-12-01
  • 构建人类命运共同体思想引领时代潮流 2018-11-30
  • 上海电影节女性影人大放异彩 中生代女演员不用焦虑 2018-11-29
  • 人民网评:汶川大地震十年,那些不能忘却的记忆 2018-11-29
  • 236| 967| 889| 663| 151| 681| 300| 466| 435| 927|